There are two varieties of plants used by the farmers in Kampot: Kamchay and Lampong (or Belantoeung), known locally as “big leaves” and “small leaves”.
Replication is done by cuttings. The geographical indication’s book of specifications forbids the use of any other varieties.
Fertilization is applied all year long in different ways: addition of new soil called “virgin soil”, application of cow dung and bat dung (guano). Some producers also produce fertilizers from rice field crabs, cow bone and skin of prawn.
The geographical indication’s book of specifications forbids the use of chemical fertilizers.
Irrigation is paramount to pepper cultivation. If rain fall is plentiful during rainy season, irrigation is necessary during dry season when a vine needs 15 L of water every 3 days.
Most of the plantations in Kampot are irrigated manually using water from ponds nearby.
Many producers in Kampot produce today natural pesticides (repulsive) based on local plants - the knowledge transmitted from their ancestors.
The geographical indication’s book of specifications recommends using natural pesticides (not allowed to use any kinds of chemical pesticides).
The Kampot Pepper Promotion Association, registered in 2008, is in charge of managing the Kampot Pepper geographical indication. It defines the book of requirements, validates the land plots, implements the internal controls and watch over the promotion and the correct use of the name “Kampot Pepper”.
The geographical indication is described in a strict book of specifications that fixes the rules in terms of production methods (farm plots, authorized products, hygiene...), processing, packaging and traceability.
For example, Kampot Pepper book of specifications forbids the use of chemical fertilizers.
The conformity of the product - from the plantation to the final packaged product - with the origin and the book of specifications is controlled using a traceability system and an internal control system (implemented by the inter professional association), coupled with an external control from a certification body accredited to the ISO 65 standard.
Producers growing pepper in Kampot today come from several Producers growing pepper in Kampot today come from several generations of pepper planters. They came back on their land after the civil war was over and started to farm pepper using their traditional methods inherited from their ancestors. . They came back on their land after the civil war was over and started to farm pepper using their traditional methods inherited from their ancestors.
These pepper lovers, smitten with their product, proud of their traditional values and definitely looking into the future, are the keepers of an ancestral know-how, of a way of production where the man and his land make one with a unique goal: producing the highest quality pepper.
☀️H.E. CHIV Songhak, honorary member of KPPA
🙏Sincere thanks to His Excellency for giving the great honor to become a Permanent Honorary Member of the Association, as well as contributing and leading in preventing and fighting against the fraud on the famous reputation of "Kampot Pepper" of the Kingdom of Cambodia in both national and international markets. 🇰🇭🌏
Refer to the invitation of U.S. Embassy in Cambodia, General Assistant of KPPA and some members operators of the association attended in "Business Opportunities in Cambodia’s Agriculture Sector 2020" event at the Rosewood Hotel in Phnom Penh
Mr. NGUON Lay, President of KPPA received certificate of official registration of Kampot Pepper as GI product in Thailand. The event had been organized in Bangkok, Thailand with participation of Department of Intellectual Property (DIP) of the Ministry of Commerce (MoC) and President of Kampong Speu Palm Sugar Promotion Association (KSPA) from Cambodia side
Under honor of H.E. Director General of CAMCONTROL, President of KPPA carried out activities to promote, educate and prevent the sale of counterfeit Kampot pepper by traders and sellers in Siem Reap in order to stop those activities as it is against the law on “Geographical Indication” of Cambodia.
National seminar on GI concept and protection in Cambodia organized by the Ministry of Commerce (MoC) and Kampot Pepper Promotion Association (KPPA) at Siem Reap in 2016 with objective to make awareness on GI concept especially what is real Kampot pepper to traders, sellers, fake Kampot pepper packagers, and consumers.
On 27-11-2020: Mr. NGUON Lay, President of KPPA received “Certificate of Appreciation” from H.E. PAN Sorasak, Minister of Commerce of the Kingdom of Cambodia for his very good achievements to lead the association so far
KPPA's executive committee and Kampong Trach district deputy governor has joined in the national consultation workshop on contract farming and cross border agricultural trade in Cambodia.
Mr. Nguon Lay, President of KPPA and some members of management committee received a study visit of students from Europe. The objective of the study visit is to study and understand more about “Kampot pepper” and “The management of GI association” especially the reasons to make Kampot pepper famous and got recognition in both national and international market
Mr. NGUON Lay, President of KPPA together with some members of management committee of the association attended in Launching Event of Geographical Indication “Koh Trung Pomelo” in Kratie town, Kratie province under the honor of H.E. PAN Sorasak, Minister of Commerce (MoC). In that event, His Excellency has also reminded the President of KPPA not to forget to support Koh Trung-Kratie Pomelo Producer Association (KTPA) as well.